General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
About 6-9 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming extensive colonies.
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico and Central America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
An aggregate of minute achenes comprises the "cattail."
Can be grown from seed and division.