General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Large herbaceous fern.
Typically 3-4 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming large open to dense patches.
Eastern and central United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands and moist forests.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, usually without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores and division.