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Muscadine, Muscadine grape
Vitis rotundifolia

Copyright by: George D. Gann

General Landscape Uses: Accent vine. Also buffer plantings and kitchen gardens.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: High climbing woody vine.

Dimensions: N/A; vine with stems to 50 feet or more in length.

Growth Rate: Fast to moderate.

Range: Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; Bahamas. Very rare in the Monroe County Keys south of Key Largo and perhaps absent from the middle Keys.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Moist forests and pinelands.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate lonog-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Moderate to high; plants growing in extremely dry soils may die during extended periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.

Flower Color: Green.

Flower Characteristics: Inconspicuous.

Flowering Season: Spring.

Fruit: Purple berry. Edible.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for nessus sphinx (Amphion floridensis) and mournful sphinx (Enyo lugubris) moths. Animals eat the berries.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from de-pulped seed, and from cuttings with difficulty.

Comments: An excellent source of native grapes. But this fast growing vine can be very aggressive.

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Eric Fleites

Other data on Vitis rotundifolia available from:

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