General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small herbaceous wildflower.
About 3-6 inches tall. About as broad as tall.
Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland. Perhaps never present or extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Swamps and pinelands.
Seasonally wet to moist, moderately well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
White with purple veins on the lower petals.