General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries. Available at Indian Trails Native Nursery
in Lake Worth (561-641-9488).
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys north to Indian River and Charlotte counties; Bahamas. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and marl prairies.
Seasonally wet to moist, well-drained to moderately well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts pollinators, especially native bees and other beneficial insects. Valuable source of nectar for birds.
Can be grown from seed and division.
Miami-Dade County Landscape Manual (2005)