General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Small compact densely-branched shrub with numerous underground branches. Leaves small, thick and shiny green, about 1/4 to 3/4 inches long.
Typically, 1-2 feet in height. Spreading from underground stems and forming masses broader than tall.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus, acid pH.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White to pink.
Black berry. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for butterflies. Birds and other animals eat the fruits.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed.