Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade
Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for butterflies and other pollinators.
References: Nelson 2003, Schaefer & Tanner 1997
Comments: We are currently adding data for this species for central and northern Florida. If you would like to contribute information or images, please contact George Gann via the IRC staff page. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday page.