General Landscape Uses:
Wildflower and rock gardens.
Native plant nurseries.
Medium annual or short-lived perennial herbaceous wildflower.
About 12-18 inches in height. Usually about as broad as tall.
Moderate to fast.
Eastern and central North America west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; Bahamas.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands and open coastal uplands.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
All year; peak summer-fall.
Can be grown from seed.