General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Native plant nurseries.
Typically 3-6 feet in height. Spreads and forms large patches.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Swamps, marshes and wet disturbed sites.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for Brazilian skipper (Calpodes ethlius
Can be grown from seed and division.