General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Native plant nurseries.
Typically 3-6 feet in height. Spreads and forms large patches.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Swamps, marshes and wet disturbed sites.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host plant for Brazilian skipper (Calpodes ethlius
Can be grown from seed and division.