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Pond cypress
Taxodium ascendens

Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

General Landscape Uses: Accent or specimen tree in wet soils.

Availability: Widely cultivated. Available at Indian Trails Native Nursery in Lake Worth (561-641-9488).

Description: Small to large tree with an erect, straight trunk. Bark gray to brown, flaking in strips. Needles deciduous, thin, light green, almost always held flat against the twig.

Dimensions: Typically 10-80 feet in height in South Florida; to 115 feet in Florida. Usually taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Freshwater swamps and marl prairies.

Soils: Wet to moist, poorly-drained to moderately well-drained calcareous, sandy or organic soils, with or without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Green turning brown.

Flower Characteristics: Cone.

Flowering Season: Spring.

Fruit: Cone.

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides some food and moderate amounts of cover for wildlife.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed soaked in water for 24-48 hours.

Comments: Depending on nutrients and water availability, this can be a small tree or tree-like shrub or it can be a large tree.

Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

Copyright by: Melissa E. Abdo

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Don & Joyce Gann

Other data on Taxodium ascendens available from:

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