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Everglades key pencilflower
Stylosanthes calcicola
Fabaceae
 

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Small creeping herb.

Dimensions: About 3-6 inches tall. Spreading and forming small open patches broader than tall.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County; West Indies, Mexico and Guatemala. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to the pine rocklands of Big Pine Key.

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

 Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.

Habitats: Marl prairies and pine rocklands.

Soils: Moist to seasonally wet, moderately well-drained marl soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Yellow.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Jointed pod (legume), with 1 fertile seed and a hooked tip.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for barred yellow (Eurema daira) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.

Comments: It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida. For more information, visit our Floristic Inventory of South Florida Database Online.


Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer


Other data on Stylosanthes calcicola available from:



 
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