General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Small to medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 4-6 inches in height; to 2 feet when in flower. Taller than broad when in flower.
Eastern and central United States south to the Monroe County Keys; Bahamas and Mexico. Perhaps never present or extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands, swamps and marshes.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Capsule containing numerous minute seeds.