General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large shrub or rarely a small tree with a rounded crown. Trunks short. Bark smooth, becoming rough with age and bearing many wart-like projections. Leaves yellowish-green, velvety, to 1 foot long.
About 6-10 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Monroe County Keys north to St John's, Putnam, Lake, Polk and Manatee counties; West Indies, Texas, Mexico, Central America and South America. It is also present in Africa and Asia, but its nativity there is unclear. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Hammock edges and gaps.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White petals with yellow anthers.
Yellow globose berry.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food and cover for wildlife. White-crowned pigeons eat the fruits.
Can be grown from seed and root cuttings.