General Landscape Uses:
Accent or specimen or shade tree in residential and commercial landscapes.
Widely cultivated. Available in Fort Myers at All Native Garden Center and Plant Nursery
(239-939-9663), in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery
(561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants
Medium to large tree with a rounded crown. Trunks erect, straight, to 20 inches in diameter. Bark light brown to brownish-gray, smooth when young, then becoming rough. Leaves compound, 6-16 inches long, shiny, orangish or reddish when young.
Typically 30-50 feet in height; to 63 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Slow to moderate.
Monroe County Keys north mostly along the coasts to Brevard and Collier counties; West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
website. Little's map fails to capture a number of locations for this in the interior of Big Cypress National Preserve in Collier County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Yellow to creamy white.
Inconspicuous. Dioecious, with male and female flowers on different plants.
Bright red drupe turning black when mature.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Plant right away; the seeds do not store well. Stake plants when trasplanting as root development usually lags behind aboveground development.
The new growth is an attractive color of red.