General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Native plant nurseries.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Eastern and southeastern United States west to Texas and Oklahoma and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and northern South America. Very rare or extirpated in the Monroe County Keys where collected once on Big Pine Key in 1951.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Swamps and marshes.
Wet, poorly-drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
White and yellow.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides food for birds. Attracts a variety of pollinators.
Can be grown from seed and division.
See a 2019 post on the Treasure Coast Natives
blog on aquatic emergent plants, including bulltongue arrowhead, and the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday