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Candyweed, Showy milkwort
Polygala violacea
Polygalaceae
 

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Small erect herbaceous wildflower.

Dimensions: About 6-12 inches in height. Taller than broad.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

 Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.

 Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.

Habitats: Pinelands and open disturbed sites.

Soils: Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Dark purple to purplish-pink or rarely white with a yellow tip on the upper petal.

Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy racemes.

Flowering Season: All year; peak spring-summer.

Fruit: Inconspicuous capsule.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed and division.

Comments: The leaves and flowers of this species are extremely variable; local sources are best used.

Horticultural synonyms: P. grandiflora, P. grandiflora var. angustifolia.


Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: James L. Lange, 2014
Wide-leaved form from barrier islands
in southeastern Florida

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley
Narrow-leaved form from pine rocklands
in Miami-Dade County


Other data on Polygala violacea available from:



 
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