General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by one of two native plant nurseries in central Florida.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-3 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Extirpated in the Florida Keys, and extirpated or never present in Palm Beach and Broward counties. Not documented on barrier islands in South Florida, but possibly historically present; it grows well at Pan’s Garden
in Palm Beach.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White or purplish-white.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects. Valuable source of insects for birds.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday