General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small herbaceous fern.
About 9-12 inches in height. Creeping and forming small patches broader than tall.
Monroe County Keys north to Duval, Marion and Citrus counties; West Indies and Central America. Very rare outside of Collier County. Presumed extirpated in Monroe, Miami-Dade and Martin counties; known from one location in Broward County and two locations in Palm Beach County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist forests and swamps.
Terrestrial in moist, well-drained humusy leaf litter, acid to neutral pH.
Moderate; can grow on nutrient poor substrate, but needs some nutrient inputs to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist substrate and high humidity and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.
Can be grown from spores.
It is listed as endangered by the state of Florida.