Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements: Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance: High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Light Requirements: Light shade to full sun.
Flower Color: Greenish to yellowish.
Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy but small. Petals are absent.
Flowering Season: All year.
Fruit: Purple-black globose berry. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:Larval host plant for gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae), julia (Dryas iulia) and zebra longwing (Heliconius charitonius) butterflies. Attracts bee pollinators.
Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed. Smash mature fruit on paper towel or place in blender with water and grind just enough to break up the berries; strain and place on paper towel. When dry, scrape seed onto surface of soil. Do not cover. Place containter in light shade.
References: Miami-Dade County Landscape Manual (2005).
Comments: One of the best larval host plants for butterflies.
Copyright by: Susan Trammell
Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014 In habitat, Hillsboro Pineland Natural Area, Broward County, Florida