General Landscape Uses:
Wildflower and pollinator gardens. This is an exceptional plant for many kinds of pollinators including butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds. For a planting guides, visit the Florida Wildflower Foundation
Grown by native plant nurseries. Available in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery
(561-641-9488) and at Amelia's SmartyPlants
(561-540-6296) and in Melbourne at Native Butterfly Flowers
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-3 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Eastern and central North America west to New Mexico and south to Palm Beach and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and coastal uplands.
Moist, well-drained sandy soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils or soils with some organic content.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Inconspicuous aggregate of 4 nutlets.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Visited by a wide variety of pollinators, including native bees, butterflies, wasps, and humminbirds.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday