Habitats: Coastal berms; margins of mangrove swamps.
Soils: Periodically innundated to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained brackish soils, with humusy top layer.
Nutritional Requirements: Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Drought Tolerance: Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.
Flower Color: Lavender to lilac or rarely white.
Flower Characteristics: Semi-showy, 3/8" wide.
Flowering Season: All year; peak summer-fall.
Fruit: Bright red succulent berry. Winter.
Wildlife and Ecology: Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Nectar plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae) and other butterflies as well as sphinx moths.
Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from de-pulped seed and cuttings.