General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also moist to wet wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-3 feet tall. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to Palm Beach and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist to wet pinelands.
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained acid sandy soils with some organic contect, with or without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Red to orange, yellow at the center.
It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.