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Shortleaf gayfeather
Liatris tenuifolia var. quadriflora

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.

Description: Medium herbaceous wildflower.

Dimensions: 6-12 inches; 2-3 feet when in flower.

Growth Rate: Moderate.

Range: Endemic to Florida from the Monroe County Keys north and west to the Florida Panhandle.

Plant Map Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Pinelands.

Soils: Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Rose-purple.

Flower Characteristics: Showy flowering spikes.

Flowering Season: Summer-fall

Fruit: Inconspicuous achene.

Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant for butterflies. Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects. Valuable source of insects for birds.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed.

References: Hammer 2004

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: Mary Keim, 2011. Long-tailed Skipper (Urbanus proteus) on Shortleaf Gayfeather (Liatris tenuifolia var. quadriflora).

Other data on Liatris tenuifolia var. quadriflora available from:

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