General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
4-8 inches; 2-3 feet when in flower.
Southeastern United States south to Indian River and Highlands counties; disjunct in Miami-Dade County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Showy flowering spikes.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies. Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects. Valuable source of insects for birds.
Can be grown from seed.