General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent open groundcover in shady areas.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Large herbaceous, almost woody grass.
About 3-6 feet in height, sometimes more when climbing into other vegetation. Taller than broad.
Monroe County Keys north, mostly along the coasts, to Brevard and Lee counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America. Very rare north of the Miami River in southeastern Florida. Perhaps never present or extirpated in Broward County; perhaps extirpated in Palm Beach County; known from one location in Martin County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Shiny black caryopsis.
Can be grown from seed.
Looks like a miniature bamboo.