General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet butterfly gardens.
Grown by one of two native plant nurseries in northern Florida.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 3-4 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Eastern North America south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Cuba.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet pinelands and marshes.
Moist to wet, moderately well-drained soils, with or without humusy top layer.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies. Attractive to birds.