General Landscape Uses:
Specimen shrub in coastal areas.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
Fairly common in the Florida Keys along the ecotone between mangrove swamps and hammocks. Also in coastal thickets from Sanibel Island to Cayo Costa in Lee County. Very rare or absent elsewhere.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida. Available in Sanibel at the Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation
(239-472-2329) and in Boynton Beach at Native Choice Nursery
Medium to large shrub, rarely a small tree, with a compact, round-topped crown from a stout trunk. Trunks short, usually straight, to 10 inches in diameter, but usually much smaller. Bark thin, smooth, gray. Leaves leathery, about 1-3 inches long.
Typically 4-10 feet in height; to 14 feet in South Florida. Usually about as broad as tall.
Monroe County Keys and Miami-Dade County; disjunct in Lee and Charlotte counties; West Indies. In South Florida, native only to the Florida Keys and northern shoreline of Florida Bay, the Long Pine Key region of Everglades National Park, and a few barrier islands in Lee and Charlotte counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
website. Although mapped by Little for the Monroe County mainland, Joewood has not been vouchered in that area.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Hammocks and coastal thickets.
Moist, rarely inundated brackish sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without significant injury.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
White to yellowish-white.
All year; peak summer-fall.
Very pale green to creamy white berry.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed. Remove seed from berry and plant right away; seeds do not store well. Place container in light shade or full sun.
Schaefer & Tanner 1997
It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday