General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub in wet areas.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional element in freshwater swamps and mesic hammocks.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium slender woody shrub. Leaves 2-5 inches long. Temperate deciduous.
Typically 3-8 feet in height; to about 10 feet in South Florida. Usually taller than broad.
Eastern and central United States west to Texas and south to Broward and Collier counties. Very rare in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Swamps and mesic hammocks.
Wet to moist, poorly-drained to moderately well-drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade, or sometimes full sun.
White or pale pink.
Showy, in terminal spike-like racemes to 5 inches long.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife. Attracts pollinating bees.
Can be grown from seed.
Nelson 2003, Schaefer & Tanner 1997
This uncommon shrub is very attractive when in flower. It is not a true willow. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday