General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Twining, high climbing herbaceous vine.
N/A; a twining vine with stems 15 feet or more in length. Often drapes over other vegetation forming large mats.
Florida west to Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Hammocks and thickets.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Pinkish violet changing to purple, 2-3" wide. Pinkish stripes radiate out from the floral tube. There is a white-flowered form in the Florida Keys.
Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar source
for Brazilian skipper (Calpodes ethlius
), mangrove skipper (Phocides pigmalion
), monk skipper (Asbolis capucinus
) and other butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.
Can become aggressive and dificult to control in the garden; caution is urged.