General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; Greater Antilles.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and prairies.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly drained sandy or calcareous soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
All year; peak spring-fall.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts insect pollinators.
Miami-Dade County Landscape Manual (2005)
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday