General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; Greater Antilles.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands and prairies.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly drained sandy or calcareous soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
All year; peak spring-fall.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts insect pollinators.