General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small shrubby wildflower.
About 2-3 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Eastern and central United States west to Kansas and Texas and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico and Honduras. In the Monroe County Keys, known only from Big Pine Key in the lower Keys.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands, hammocks and swamp margins.
Moist to seasonally wet, moderately well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed. Harvest seed when mature, but before it becomes dried out.