General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small to medium shrubby wildflower. Leaves needle-like.
About 2-4 feet in height. About as broad as tall.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Cuba and Belize.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet pinelands and swamp margins.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Moderate to low; requires moist to wet soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
All year; peak spring-fall.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides some food and cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from seed. Harvest seed when mature, but before it becomes dried out.