General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium to large annual herbaceous wildflower. Leaves 1-3 inches long, strongly scented when crushed.
Typically 2-4 feet in height. Usually taller than broad.
Widespread in the United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; northern Mexico.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands, open coastal areas and open, disturbed sites.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Inconspicuous achene. All year.
Easily grown from seed.
Miami-Dade County Landscape Manual (2005)
Spreads readily from seed in the garden and may become somewhat weedy. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday