General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common understory herb in hammocks nearly throughout South Florida.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small herbaceous wildflower.
About 6-9 inches in height; 12-15 inches when in flower. Taller than broad.
North Key Largo in the Monroe County Keys, Miami-Dade and Collier counties north to Duval, Bradford and Levy counties; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist forests and swamps.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to moderate shade.
Capsule containing numerous minute seeds.