General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also an accent shrub.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Small shrub. Leaves small, shiny.
About 1-2 feet tall. Spreading from underground stems (rhizomes) and forming clumps as broad as tall.
Eastern North America west to Louisiana and south to Palm Beach and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and scrubby flatwoods.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
White to pinkish.
Shiny black drupe.