General Landscape Uses:
Native plant nurseries. Available in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants
Small to medium herb with narrow leaves and attractive heads of yellow flowers.
About 1-2 feet in height. Spreading and forming mounds broader than tall.
Moderate to fast.
Monroe County Keys north to Flagler, Taylor and Franklin counties; West Indies, southern Mexico and Central America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands, prairies and open coastal uplands.
Moist, well-drained to seasonally inundated freshwater or brackish soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Secondary line; tolerates significant salt wind without injury, but usually is somewhat protected.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
Showy clusters of disk flowers.
All year; peak summer-fall.
Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant
for cassius blue (Leptotes cassius
), Dorantes longtail (Urbanus dorantes
), eufala skipper (Lerodea eufala
), field skipper (Atalopedes campestris
), Florida duskywing (Ephyriades brunneus
), Florida white (Appias drusilla
), great southern white (Ascia monuste
), julia (Dryas iulia
), large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe
), martial scrub-hairstreak (Strymon martialis
), monk skipper (Asbolis capucinus
), obscure skipper (Panoquina panoquinoides
), Palatka skipper (Euphyes pilatka
), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops
), sachem (Atalopedes campestris
), southern broken-dash (Wallengrenia otho
), three-spotted skipper (Cymaenes tripunctus
), twin-spot skipper (Oligorio maculata
), zarucco duskywing (Erymis zarucco
) and other butterflies. Attracts bee pollinators.
Can be grown from seed or, sometimes, from divisions.
Can become somewhat ratty after peak flowering, but is worth maintaining for its color and wildlife values.