General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium annual herbaceous wildlflower.
About 1-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern, midwestern and western United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Wet to moist, poorly-drained to occasionally inundated brackish or freshwater soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Rose-purple or white with a dark purple center.
Showy, 3/4" long.
All year; peak December-August.
An inconspicuous sticky capsule.
Can be grown from seed.
A very attractive wildflower. See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday