General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium annual herbaceous wildlflower.
About 1-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern, midwestern and western United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet to moist, poorly-drained to occasionally inundated brackish or freshwater soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Rose-purple or white with a dark purple center.
Showy, 3/4" long.
All year; peak December-August.
An inconspicuous sticky capsule.
Can be grown from seed.
A very attractive wildflower.