General Landscape Uses:
Accent shrub or small tree. Buffer plantings.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A relatively common understory or sub-canopy element in hammocks.
Widely cultivated. Available in Lake Worth at Indian Trails Native Nursery
(561-641-9488) and in Largo at Wilcox Nursery and Landscape
Tall upright shrub or small tree with a small trunk and branches. Bark pale grayish to whitish, smooth. Leaves leathery, dull dark green above; leaf stem reddish.
Typically 10-20 feet in height; to 28 feet in South Florida. Taller than broad.
Moderate to slow.
Monroe County Keys north to Volusia, Hendry and Levy counties, mostly along the coast; Bermuda, West Indies, Mexico and Central America. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Moist, well-drained sandy or limestone soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Moderately low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water, but tolerates short term inunation by salt water from storm surge with minimal damage.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Moderate; generally requires moist soils, but tolerant of short periods of drought once established.
Light shade to full sun.
All year; peak spring-summer.
Black or reddish berry. Edible.
Wildlife and Ecology:
An extremely common understory tree in hammocks. Provides significant food and cover for wildlife. Birds eat the fruits.
Can be grown from de-pulped seed. Place in light shade. Germination usually occurs within 1 month.
The pinkish new growth is very attractive. Some say white stopper has a "skunky" odor, although many can not detect the smell.