General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 1-2 feet in height. Sprawling and forming small open patches.
Southeastern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties. Possibly extirpated in Broward County and presumed extirpated in Miami-Dade County where it was collected in pinelands in the vicinity of Arch Creek by John Kunkell Small and others in 1915.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Pinelands and scrubby flatwoods.
Moist to dry, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
High; does not require any supplemental water once established.
A pair of inconspicuous carpels pendent from a supporting axis.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects.