General Landscape Uses:
Wildflower and rock gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A common understory wildflower in prairies, wet pinelands and depression marshes. Rare in pine rocklands subjected to drainage.
Native plant nurseries. Available in Groveland at Green Isle Gardens
(321-436-4932), in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants
Medium annual herb with attractive heads of yellow flowers.
Typically 1-3 feet in height. Much taller than broad.
Alabama and northern Florida south to the Monroe County Keys. In the Monroe County Keys, disjunct from Miami-Dade County to Big Pine Key.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Pinelands and prairies.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to seasonally inundated soils.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Yellow ray flowers and yellow and brown disk flowers.
Showy heads, 1/2-1" wide.
Wildlife and Ecology: Nectar plant
for Miami blue (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri
), southern broken-dash (Wallengrenia otho
) and other butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.
The Florida state wildflower. This is an annual that recruits readily in the landscape in exposed soil.