General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet to moist wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in central Florida. Available in Lake Worth at Amelia's SmartyPlants
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 2-3 feet in heigth. Taller than broad.
Endemic to Florida from Nassau County and the Panhandle south to Miami-Dade, Highlands, and Lee counties. Presumed extirpated in Miami-Dade and Broward counties. In Broward County, last collected in the Parkland area in 1982. Not documented on barrier islands in South Florida, but possibly historically present; it is cultivated at Pan’s Garden
in Palm Beach.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies and birds. Also provides source of insects for birds.
Can be grown from seed.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday