General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
The dominant species of much of the Everglades. Also present in a number of other wetland ecosystems including wet pinelands.
Native plant nurseries.
Large herbaceous sedge with saw-toothes leaf margins.
Typically 3-6 feet in height; to 10 feet when in flower. Clonal and sometimes spreading and forming large patches.
Southern United States west to New Mexico and south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Marshes, wet prairies and wet pinelands.
Wet, seasonally inundated freshwater to brackish soils on a variety of substrates.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low to moderate; may tolerate some brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
This is the dominant species of the Everglades marsh, especially in the Shark River Slough. Larval host plant for Palatka skipper (Euphyes pilatka) butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.
Sawgrass is aptly named as the edges of the leaves are armed with tiny, sawlike prickles. Technically it is not a grass, but a sedge.