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Partridge pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.

Ecological Restoration Notes: An occasional understory herb in pinelands and coastal uplands.

Availability: Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.

Description: Medium annual herbaceous wildflower.

Dimensions: Typically 1-3 feet in height. Sometimes as broad as tall.

Growth Rate: Fast. An annual or short-lived perennial.

Range: Widespread in North America south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Pinelands and coastal uplands.

Soils: Moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: High; does not require any supplemental water once established.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: Yellow petals; yellow anthers.

Flower Characteristics: Showy.

Flowering Season: Spring-summer.

Fruit: Flat pod (legume).

Wildlife and Ecology: Provides food for birds. Larval host plant for ceraunus blue (Hemiargus ceraunus), cloudless sulphur (Phoebis sennae), little yellow (Eurema lisa) and gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from seed. Plant in a pot with 2" or more of potting soil and spinkle soil over seeds to just cover them. Place in full sun or light shade. Keep moist.

Comments: Distinguished from Deering partridge pea (C. deeringiana) by its yellow (vs. red) anthers.

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Other data on Chamaecrista fasciculata available from:

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