General Landscape Uses:
Canopy tree along canal banks and swales.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in South Florida.
Medium to large tree with an erect trunk and a narrow, rounded crown. Trunks to 2 feet in diameter, but usually much smaller in South Florida. Bark loose, brown, separating into plate-like scales. Leaves deciduous, compound, about 9-15 inches long, thin, dark green.
Typically 25-50 feet in height in South Florida; to 150 feet in Florida. Taller than broad.
Southern and central United States west to Texas and south to Palm Beach, Hendry and Lee counties. For a digitized image of Elbert Little's Florida range map, visit the Exploring Florida
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated organic soils.
Moderate to high; grows best with some organic content and may languish in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Light shade to full sun.
Male flowers in semi-showy hanging catkins.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife.
Can be grown from stratified seed, sown in spring.
Nelson 2003, Schaefer & Tanner 1997