General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and along pond and lake edges.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
A somewhat rare understory element of swamps and marshes.
Large herb with large leaves and bright yellow flowers.
Typically 4-6 feet in height. Individual stems are taller than broad, but clusters of plants may form a mass.
Southeastern United States west to Texas and south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Swamps and marshes.
Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly drained organic soils.
High; requires rich organic soils for optimal growth.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Larval host and nectar source for Brazilian skipper (Calpodes ethlius
) butterflies. Attracts bee, bat and hummingbird pollinators. Provides food for birds.
Can be grown from seed or division.