General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet to moist wildflower gardens.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in central Florida.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States north to New Jersey, west to Texas and south to Palm Beach and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes from South Florida north to southern Brevard, Osceola, Polk, and Pasco counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations from the Monroe County Keys north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Marshes and swamps.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated organic or sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects. Provides valuable insects and seeds for birds.
Can be grown from seed.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday