General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wet to moist wildflower gardens.
Grown by enthusiasts and occasionally by native plant nurseries.
Medium herbaceous wildflower.
About 2-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Widespread in the eastern and southern United States south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties; Cuba and South America. Possibly extirpated in Broward County.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Wet to moist, seasonally inundated sandy soils, with humusy top layer.
Moderate; can grow in nutrient poor soils, but needs some organic content to thrive.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Attracts native bees and other beneficial insects. Provides valuable insects and seeds for birds.
Can be grown from seed.
See also the Florida Wildflower Foundation's Flower Friday