General Landscape Uses:
Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also wildflower and butterfly gardens.
Ecological Restoration Notes:
An occasional understory wildflower in sandhill, scrub and scrubby flatwoods.
Grown by one or two native plant nurseries in northern Florida.
Medium annual herbaceous wildflower.
Typically 2-3 feet in height. Taller than broad.
Southeastern United States south to Broward and Lee counties, and rare south to Miami-Dade and Collier counties.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Scrub, scrubby flatwoods, sandhills and pine rocklands.
Dry to moist, well-drained sandy soils, without humus.
Low; it grows in nutrient poor soils.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Wildlife and Ecology:
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Can be grown from seed.