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Water hyssop, Herb-of-grace
Bacopa monnieri

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Also as a groundcover in water gardens and along pond and lake edges.

Ecological Restoration Notes: A relatively common element of a wide variety of freshwater wetlands. Somewhat weedy and will recruit often into restoration sites.

Availability: Grown by several native plant nurseries.

Description: Small creeping wildflower.

Dimensions: Typically 2-4 inches in height or less. Spreading and forming large patches.

Growth Rate: Moderate to fast.

Range: Southeastern United States south to the Monroe County Keys; West Indies, Mexico, Central America and northern South America. Rare in the Monroe County Keys.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Freshwater and brackish marshes and wet disturbed sites.

Soils: Wet to moist, moderately well-drained to poorly-drained freshwater or brackish soils.

Nutritional Requirements: Moderate to low; it prefers soils with organic content, but will still grow reasonably well in nutrient poor soils.

Salt Water Tolerance: Moderate; tolerates brackish water or occasional inundation by salt water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Moderate; grows near salt water, but is protected from direct salt spray by other vegetation.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun.

Flower Color: White to pinkish-white.

Flower Characteristics: Showy.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous capsule. All year.

Wildlife and Ecology: Larval host plant for white peacock (Anartia jatrophae) butterflies.

Horticultural Notes: Can be grown from cuttings, division and seed.

Comments: An excellent low groundcover in wet places. However, it can become somewhat aggressive in the right circumstances.

Copyright by: Roger L. Hammer

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, Everglades National Park, Florida

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park,
Monroe County, Florida

Copyright by: George D. Gann

Copyright by: James Johnson, 2014
In habitat, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park,
Monroe County, Florida

Copyright by: Erin Backus
With White peacock caterpillar

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Other data on Bacopa monnieri available from:

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