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Carolina Mosquito Fern
Azolla caroliniana

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

General Landscape Uses: Water gardens and ponds.

Availability: Grown by enthusiasts.

Description: Floating aquatic herbaceous fern.

Dimensions: N/A; a floating aquatic.

Growth Rate: Fast.

Range: Widespread in the United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America and South America.

Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.

Habitats: Freshwater ponds and swamps.

Soils: A floating aquatic in standing or flowing water.

Nutritional Requirements: Low; it grows in nutirent poor water; it can become aggressive in nutrient-rich water.

Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.

Salt Wind Tolerance: Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.

Drought Tolerance: Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.

Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.

Flower Color: N/A.

Flower Characteristics: There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.

Flowering Season: All year.

Fruit: Inconspicuous spores.

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Shirley Denton

Copyright by: Keith A. Bradley

Other data on Azolla caroliniana available from:

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