General Landscape Uses:
Water gardens and ponds.
Grown by enthusiasts.
Floating aquatic herbaceous fern.
N/A; a floating aquatic.
Widespread in the United States south to Miami-Dade County and the Monroe County mainland; West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America and South America.
Map of select IRC data from peninsular Florida.
Map of suggested ZIP codes north to Indian River and Manatee counties.
Map of ZIP codes with habitat recommendations north to Martin and Charlotte counties.
Freshwater ponds and swamps.
A floating aquatic in standing or flowing water.
Low; it grows in nutirent poor water; it can become aggressive in nutrient-rich water.
Salt Water Tolerance:
Low; does not tolerate flooding by salt or brackish water.
Salt Wind Tolerance:
Low; salt wind may burn the leaves.
Low; requires moist to wet soils and is intolerant of long periods of drought.
Full sun to light shade or moderate shade.
There are no flowers; the plants reproduce by spores.